中粹国际--精品推荐:咸丰元宝(当千)

xianyangw.com2019-09-18 20:24:49市场信息导报网

据资料记载:清咸丰年间(1851-1861年),太平天国农民起义发展迅猛,并在江苏南京建都,此时清政府赖以铸钱之用的滇铜(云南省出产的铜料),因道路阻断而无法运进北京。一方面是镇压起义急需大量的军饷开销,一方面是铸钱的原材料告缺,给清政府造成了严重的财政困难,最终迫使清政府自咸丰三年开始发行纸币和改铸大钱来弥补财政亏空。

According to records, during the reign of Xianfeng of the Qing Dynasty (1851-1861), the peasant uprising of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom developed rapidly and established its capital in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province. At this time, Yunnan copper (copper produced in Yunnan Province), which the Qing government relied on to make money, could not be transported into Beijing due to road blockage. On the one hand, the suppression of the uprising urgently required a large amount of expenditure on military salaries; on the other hand, the shortage of raw materials for casting money caused serious financial difficulties for the Qing government, which eventually forced the Qing government to issue bank notes and convert large amounts of money to make up for the financial deficit since Xianfeng's third year.


 

【藏品名称】:咸丰元宝(当千)

[Collection Name]: Xianfeng Yuanbao (when thousands)

【藏品规格】:直径:6.25cm 厚:0.41cm藏品重量:77g

[Collection specification]: diameter: 6.25cm thick: 0.41cm collection weight: 77g

咸丰三年(1853年)三月五月,户部首先开铸当十大钱,文曰咸丰元宝,重六钱,与制钱相辅而行。七月乃增铸当五十钱一种,重一两八钱。同年十一月谕令各省推行铸造大钱,并添铸当百、当五百、当千钱三种;当千者重二两,当五百者重一两六钱,铜色紫,当百者重一两四钱,铜色黄,皆磨滤精工,光泽如镜,文曰咸丰元宝;而减当五十者为一两二钱,当十者为四钱四分,又减为三钱五分,再改为二钱六分。四年正月,宝源局又铸当五钱一种,重二钱二分。接着又铸当二百、三百、四百大钱。在大约一年左右的时间里,清朝政府开铸的大钱有当四、五、八、十、二十、三十、四十、五十、一百、二百、三百、四百、五百以及当千等计约十六个等级的咸丰各类大钱。

In March and May of the third year of Xianfeng (1853), the household department first started casting ten large sums of money. The article said Xianfeng Yuanbao, weighing six dollars, was complementary to making money. July is an extra fifty dollars, weighing one or two or eight dollars. In November of the same year, the government ordered all provinces to make large sums of money, and to add three kinds of money: 100, 500, and 1,000. When a thousand people weigh two taels, when five hundred people weigh one or two or six dollars, copper is purple, and when one hundred people weigh one or two or four dollars, copper is yellow, all of which are polished and filtered with fine workmanship and luster like a mirror. The text reads Xianfeng Yuanbao. The 50-point deduction is one or two taels of money, the 10-point deduction is four quarters of money, the 5-point deduction is made to San Qian, and the 6-point deduction is made to two taels. In the first month of the fourth year, the baoyuan bureau made another five-dollar coin, weighing two cents and two cents. Then it was cast into 200, 300 and 400 large sums of money. In about a year's time, the Qing government made four, five, eight, ten, twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, one hundred, two hundred, three hundred, four hundred, five hundred and about sixteen grades of Xianfeng's big money.

咸丰元宝是中国古代钱币之一,被收藏家们视作无价之宝。地域性政权发行货币的时间也相当短,加上流通地域狭小,所铸货币价值不菲。另外,由于发行纸钞,导致铜币发行量较少,故价格也较高。古钱币的背部多为光面,也有少数有星纹、月纹、四出纹、祥云纹、瑞雀纹等特殊记号和表示钱监、铸造年代的文字。咸丰元宝背星月纹大钱,目前相对来看,五十、当百稍多,其中尤以当五百少见,当千尤为少见。

Xianfeng Yuanbao is one of the ancient coins in China and is regarded by collectors as a priceless treasure. The time for the regional regime to issue money is also quite short, and the circulation area is narrow, so the money produced is valuable. In addition, due to the issuance of paper money, copper coins are issued less, so the price is higher. The back of ancient coins is mostly smooth, and there are also a few special marks such as star pattern, moon pattern, four-out pattern, auspicious cloud pattern, and red finch pattern, as well as characters indicating the time of money supervision and casting. Xianfeng Yuanbao has a large amount of money with stars and moons on its back. At present, it is relatively more than 50 or 100 yuan, especially 500 yuan, especially 1000 yuan.

该枚钱币正面镌刻“咸丰元宝”四字,钱背篆刻“当千”二字,文书写笔力遒劲,笔划横直竖立,布局协调,整体书相彰显端庄古朴。钱币品相良好,雕刻精致美观,版式简单大方。因其铸造发行量少,流传下来的咸丰元宝数量极其稀少,致使此式咸丰元宝向来得藏家所珍视,值得各位藏友入手收藏。在版式和形制上,当千、当五百这样的咸丰大钱,一般版式变化很少,当千也就两个大版,其一为缶宝八贝,另一就是缶宝行楷、满文出头宝。由于滇铜告缺,铸造时间短暂,当千面值过大等诸多原因,铸造发行的数量特别少,历经百来年风霜,至今在市场上咸丰元宝中,当千者极少。此枚咸丰元宝宝泉局当千,币面娟秀健康,铭文字体雕琢明晰,面文“咸丰元宝”四字直读,背穿上下“当千”,支配满文雕琢宝局名,“宝泉”两字横排。钱币铜质精巧,包浆纯正,分布自然,紧实不浮,形制规整,其传世品质色品貌一目了然,地章洁净,穿口规整,笔划有力,笔锋鲜明,布局协调规范,书法端庄,字口如切,风格明朗,源局铸品之书意神韵昭然,彰显京局品质,实物存世甚少。

The coin is engraved with the four characters "Xianfeng Yuanbao" on the front and the two characters "Dangqian" on the back of the coin. The writing style is vigorous, the strokes are straight and horizontal, the layout is coordinated, and the overall calligraphy shows dignity and simplicity. Coins have good appearance, exquisite and beautiful carving, and simple and elegant format. Because of its small casting circulation, the number of Xianfeng silver ingots handed down is extremely rare, which makes this type of silver ingots cherished by collectors and worthy of collection by all Tibetan friends. In terms of format and shape, when Qian and Dang are Xianfeng big money, there is little change in the general format. When Qian, there are also two large editions, one is "Pobao Babai" and the other is "Pobao Xingkai" and "Manwen Shoubao". Due to the shortage of Yunnan copper, the short casting time, the large face value of thousands of coins, and many other reasons, the number of coins issued is extremely small. After hundreds of years of wind and frost, there are very few coins in Xianfeng silver ingots in the market. This piece of Xianfeng Yuanbao Treasure Spring is worth thousands of dollars. The coin has a beautiful and healthy face, and the inscription is clearly carved. The four characters "Xianfeng Yuanbao" are read directly, and the top and bottom "worth thousands" are worn on the back. It dominates the Manchu script to carve the name of the treasure spring. The word "treasure spring" is arranged horizontally. Coins are exquisite in copper, pure in paste, natural in distribution,


 


 


 

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